In 2009, David Booth, a park ranger in Scotland, packed up his metal detector, drove to a field, and scored big. His first sweep yielded 4 gold neck bands, from the first century B.C.—the most important hoard of Iron Age gold found in Scotland to date.
In 1965, a Ukrainian farmer dug up the lower jawbone of a mammoth. Further excavations revealed the presence of 4 huts, made up of a total of 149 mammoth bones. These dwellings, dating back some 15,000 years, were determined to have been some of the oldest shelters ever built.
A Dutch archaeologist found a lost castle they had stopped looking for 20 years ago, using Google Earth.
Heinrich Schliemann while searching for the archaeological remains of Troy, blew up 9 levels of archaeological remains with dynamite, including the level that is believed to be the historical Troy.
Due to the advanced metallurgy of the ancient Chinese, some of the weapons held by the Terracotta Army (after 2,200 years underground) were still sharp, rust-free, and shiny once a thin oxide layer was removed.
The oldest surviving pair of cloth socks were found in Egypt were actually designed to wear with sandals.