Only one man survived the 1902 Mount Pelee eruption, which killed 30,000 people, because he’d been thrown in jail the day before and his cell was partially underground. It had thick stone walls, a bomb-proof magazine, and a small slit for breathing with no other windows.
On August 27, 1883 the sound that emerged from the eruption of the volcanic island of Krakatoa was heard by people in over 50 different geographical locations, spanning an area that covered a thirteenth of the globe. Some of those people reported hearing the sound over 3,000 miles away, a full four hours after the sound was made. A ship’s captain noted in his log “So violent are the explosions that the ear-drums of over half my crew have been shattered… I am convinced that the Day of Judgement has come.”
The 1883 eruption on Krakatoa produced the loudest sound ever known it reverberated around the globe 7 times before diminishing. It could be heard 4,000 miles away, and people with in 100 miles had permanent hearing loss.