The Anti-Work Movement is a philosophy that sees work as the cause of unhappiness, and should therefore be avoided. Although associated with anarchists and communists today, its roots can we traced back to the Ancient Greek Cynics.
Pythagoras had a weird cult that lasted for centuries after his death. They worshiped numbers, invented the first robot (a steam-powered pigeon) and were afraid of beans because they cause excessive flatulence. He was murdered when he was chased to a bean field and refused to cross it.
The concept of a soulmate was originally put forth by Plato. According to his story humans originally had 4 arms, 4 legs and 2 faces. The gods feared humans were too powerful and so Zeus split them in two, condemning them to spend their lives searching for the other half of their soul.
When Alexander the Great asked the philosopher Diogenes why he was sifting through the garbage, Diogenes responded,”I am looking for the bones of your father but I cannot distinguish them from the bones of his slaves.”
“Inverted Spectrum” is a philosophy that states the possibility of people agreeing on the names and characteristics of certain colors, though one person is essentially seeing a totally different color. If I have an inverted spectrum, we both say we see a bright blue sky, but if you saw it through my eyes, you could be looking at a bright red or purple or green sky. Compare to the fact that dogs are proven to have a very limited spectrum of color, humans may also be born with access to a limited or inverted spectrum, and never be aware of it.
St Augustine, who lived in the 4th century, advocated that god should have made use of natural, evolutionary, original causes in the production of man’s body. He believed it was the soul that was created through a supernatural process, the body was created through a natural evolutionary process.
“A philosopher is a person who knows less and less about more and more, until he knows nothing about everything. A scientist is a person who knows more and more about less and less, until he knows everything about nothing.” – John Ziman.
Being a “cynic” originally meant you thought the purpose of life was to live virtuously in agreement with Nature, rejecting all conventional desires for wealth, power, sex, and fame; living a simple life free from all possessions.
Greek philosopher Diogenes of Sinope use to masturbate in public to show happiness belonged to a man who rejected cultural norms.
On February 8, 2000, the meaning of life was auctioned on eBay. The winning bid was $3.26.