The first president of Mongolia, Peljidiin…

The first president of Mongolia, Peljidiin Genden allegedly slapped and broke Stalin’s pipe after Stalin pressured him to destroy Mongolia’s buddhist clergies. Genden was “invited” to the USSR, ostensibly for medical treatment, in April 1936. He then spent a whole year at the Black Sea resort town of Foros. In summer 1937, he was arrested as part of Stalin’s Great Purge and under interrogation admitted to conspiring with “lamaist reactionaries” and “Japanese spies”. He was executed in Moscow on November 26, 1937 by the order of Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR for ‘his attempt to political coup and being a spy of Japan’.

George Orwell’s use of 2+2=5…

George Orwell’s use of 2+2=5 as a catchphrase of the dystopian government in his book 1984 is based on Joseph Stalin’s use of that equation in propaganda. Soviet posters declared “2 + 2 plus the enthusiasm of the workers = 5” long before Orwell wrote his novel. The USSR reached the goals of that Five Year Plan in four years, therefore meaning that the “enthusiasm of the workers” did five years worth of work in four years.