When the Soviet Union were occupying Afghanistan there was an Afghan Cosmonaut who became a Hero of the Soviet Union.
In 1978 a man was shot in the head by a proton beam and amazingly lived.
There’s an island in Kazakhstan/Uzbekistan that was used as a test site and is now riddled with anthrax, smallpox, plague, etc.
Devyatayev was a soviet pilot who was captured by the Nazis in 1944 and managed to steal a German airplane from a heavily guarded Nazi military base. On his return to the USSR his plane was shot at, and was then labeled as a spy because his story was so unbelievable.