Joseph Weizenbaum, one of the founding fathers…

josephweizenbaumJoseph Weizenbaum, one of the founding fathers of Artificial Intelligence, later became one of it’s leading critics when he found his secretary getting very emotionally involved with ELIZA, a chatbot that he himself programmed. Driven by a script named DOCTOR, ELIZA was capable of engaging humans in a conversation which bore a striking resemblance to one with an empathic psychologist.