A roman scholar predicted microbiology over 2000 years ago, writing “there are bred certain minute creatures which cannot be seen by the eyes, but which float in the air and enter the body through the mouth and nose and cause serious diseases.”
After 13 years of trying to find the structure of a protein, scientists created an online competitive game that asked gamers to try and solve it. The structure was found in 3 weeks.
Oral tradition in Kenya tells that 20 shipwrecked Chinese sailors washed up on shore in the 15th century and were given permission to settle and marry into local tribes. DNA tests conducted by China’s government in 2002 on one of the supposed descendants and found that she was of Chinese descent.
Scientists found that deleting a certain gene in mice can make them smarter by unlocking a mysterious region of the brain considered to be relatively inflexible. It is called the ‘Homer Simpson Gene.’
Lisa Kudrow (Phoebe from the sitcom Friends) published an academic paper in neurology the same year that Friends debuted on TV.
The scientists who first discovered the platypus thought it was fake. Although indigenous Aboriginal people already knew of the creature, European scientists assumed an egg-laying, duck-billed, beaver-tailed, otter-footed, venomous mammal had to be an elaborate hoax.
In 2005 scientists placed dogs in suspended animation and brought them back to life. First they drained their blood and replaced it with a low-temperature solution. After three hours of clinical death, the dogs’ blood was returned and their hearts were shocked, and the dogs came back to life.
Scientists hope to clone a 40,000-Year-Old extinct horse. The baby horse was discovered in permafrost in eastern Siberia. The animal’s tissue was preserved enough for scientists to obtain samples. There is no damage to the horse’s carcass and even its hair is intact.
The team of scientists is hoping the experiment on the baby horse will give them insight to progress toward their ultimate goal – bringing back the extinct woolly mammoth.
“If we manage to clone the horse – it will be the first step to cloning the mammoth.”
In 2013, a scientist injected human brain cells into a mouse brain, which improved the mouse’s memory and ability to learn.
Scientists once gave drugs to bees, and found that they respond similarly to humans: bees on cocaine tend to overestimate the amount of sugar they find and exaggerate when reporting back to the hive.