Amelia Earhart was an American aviator and the first female pilot to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. She disappeared in 1937 while attempting to fly around the world, and her fate remains unknown.
Here are a few interesting facts about Amelia Earhart:
1. She was the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. 2. Earhart was also a writer and a women’s rights advocate. 3. In 1933, at a White House event, Amelia Earhart and Eleanor Roosevelt unexpectedly left their guests for a flight. Both women took turns piloting the plane and Roosevelt later commented that it marked a significant moment in history, as a woman in evening attire and slippers could successfully fly a plane at night. 4. Before gaining fame as an aviator, Amelia Earhart worked as a nurse in Toronto, Canada. To help fund her plane trips, she ventured into fashion and started her own clothing line. The designs incorporated unconventional materials such as silk from parachutes and fabric from airplane wings. Earhart also incorporated her passion for aviation by adding propeller-shaped buttons to some of her pieces. 5. Although Amelia Earhart was not intimidated by the challenge of flying across the Atlantic, she was fearful of marriage. In fact, she was so committed to having an open relationship that she included a provision in her prenuptial agreement stating that neither party would be held to a traditional code of marital fidelity. The agreement stated, “On our life together, I want you to understand that I shall not hold you to any medieval code of faithfulness to me, nor shall I consider myself bound to you similarly.” 6.The 99s, an international organization of women pilots, was established in 1929 by a group of 99 licensed female pilots, one of whom was Amelia Earhart, out of the total of 117 women pilots at the time. The youngest member of the organization was just 17 years old. 7. She disappeared without a trace during her attempt to fly around the world in 1937, and her disappearance remains one of the greatest unsolved mysteries of the 20th century. The U.S. Navy and Coast Guard launched a massive search effort, deploying 10 ships and 65 aircraft to search the Pacific for more than two weeks. The search cost at least $4 million. On January 5, 1939, Amelia Earhart was officially declared deceased. The U.S. government’s investigation into her disappearance concluded that she and her navigator, Fred Noonan, had run out of fuel and crashed into the ocean. In 1996, the U.S. Congress declared Earhart the first honorary veteran of the United States for her pioneering role in aviation.
Women used to dominate the beer industry but were forced out during the reformation as men spread rumors about them using witchcraft. Many brewed in secret in the woods after laws were passed prohibiting them from brewing. Much of the iconography of witches comes from this period.
To help reduce the high male to female ratio (5:1) in a small Australian mining town (Mount Isa), the mayor put out a call to lonely “beauty-disadvantaged women” to move to Mount Isa for a chance to find love.
Eleanor Roosevelt held her own press conferences where only female journalists were allowed. This ensured they kept their jobs during Depression-era layoffs, earning a steady income & professional status.
As far back as 1872, despite practically no women being allowed to vote, Victoria Woodhull of the Equal Rights Party became the first woman nominated for a US Presidential election. Frederick Douglass, a black abolitionist, was even chosen as her running mate.
The Icelandic government banned the stationing of black American soldiers in Iceland during the Cold War so as to “protect Icelandic women and preserve a homogenous national body”. After pressure from the US military, the ban was eventually lifted in the late 1960s.
Leona Woods was the only woman physicist on the team which built the world’s first nuclear reactor as part of the Manhattan Project. She became a mother during the Project but hid her pregnancy as not to miss work. Afterwards as a professor, she authored >200 papers in physics and astrophysics.
Jeannette Rankin, the first woman elected to the US, was a lifelong pacifist; she voted against entering WWI, voted the sole vote against declaring war against Japan after Pearl Harbor, and later led peace activism against US military intervention in Vietnam while in her 80s.
The first Soviet citizen to visit the White House was a female WWII sniper with 309 confirmed kills, one of which was a sniper she dueled for 3 days.
But as the tour progressed, Pavlichenko began to bristle at the questions, and her clear, dark eyes found focus. One reporter seemed to criticize the long length of her uniform skirt, implying that it made her look fat. In Boston, another reporter observed that Pavlichenko “attacked her five-course New England breakfast yesterday. American food, she thinks, is O.K.”
Soon, the Soviet sniper had had enough of the press’s sniping. “I wear my uniform with honor,” she told Time magazine. “It has the Order of Lenin on it. It has been covered with blood in battle. It is plain to see that with American women what is important is whether they wear silk underwear under their uniforms. What the uniform stands for, they have yet to learn.”