When the Norse vikings sailed for America in the 11th century, they fully expected (and hoped) to find a race of monsters to fight. Instead, they found the indigenous peoples. Disappointed at finding no real monsters, the Norse (known for being tall) called them Skræling, or pygmies.
There is a man wandering through the Amazon rainforest thought to be the last member of his tribe. No one knows his language or what tribe he belonged to.
The Inuit people offer hunted seals a drink of fresh water before they die.